Monday, September 28, 2015
Time for UN to shift mission in Yemen
By Nicola Nasser*
Yemen will continue to be
elusive unless the United Nations shifts its mission from sponsoring an
inter-Yemeni dialogue to mediating ceasefire negotiations between the actual
warring parties, namely & allies and the de facto
representatives of Yemenis who are fighting to defend their country’s
territorial integrity and independent free will, i.e. the Huthi - Saleh &
Convening its 70th session while celebrating its 70th anniversary this year, the United Nations is unlikely to reconsider its stand on Yemen, but it must do, at least to provide a face – saving exit strategy for Saudi Arabia if not to stop a snowballing severe humanitarian crisis in the country.
The United Nations Mauritanian special envoy to Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed will sooner than later face the fate of his predecessor Jamal Benomar, who resigned his mission last March acknowledging its failure.
The Saudi insistence on dictating a fait accompli on
is undermining the UN efforts to bring about a political solution, which was
made impossible by the Saudi – led war on . Yemen
The legitimacy controversy
The UN sponsored Yemeni – Yemeni talks in the capital of the Sultanate of Oman,
and elsewhere will continue to be deadlocked. They are a non-starter. The
Saudis have held their Yemeni allies captives of their dependence on Saudi
financial, political and military support without which they could not survive
The UN and Arab League recognition of them as the legitimate representatives of
was counterproductive. They are viewed by most Yemenis more as Saudi puppets
than legitimate delegates of their people. Yemen
Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, who is recognised by the UN and the Saudi – led coalition as the legitimate president of Yemen, arrived in Aden last week aboard a Saudi military aircraft and his safety was secured during his three – day stay there by military bodyguards from the United Arab Emirates. The arrival of his prime minister Khaled Bahah a week earlier was not different.
Conferring UN and Arab League legitimacy on them serves only to turn both organisations into biased parties to the conflict if not partners to it or at least accomplices and compromises their credentials as mediators.
The Huthis are portrayed by the Saudi – led propaganda as a sectarian fanatic and violent intruders into the Yemeni society or as agents of
Iran who are waging a proxy
war in ,
but the Huthis are not aliens. Their ancestors ruled Yemen for some one thousand years.
They represent more than one third of the country’s population. Their role
could have been strengthened by Iranian support and weakened by their religious
speech, but nonetheless they are uncontroversial native integral component of Yemen ’s national
history and society. Yemen
Similarly, their ally in fighting off the Saudi – led war on Yemen, ex – president Ali Abdullah Saleh, is part and parcel of Yemeni political infrastructure. More than a three – decade ally of
when Saleh resisted a Saudi transition plan he hardly survived a bombing of his
Friday prayers. Despite his individual ruling style and a wide spread
corruption of his governance, he is credited with building a state
infrastructure, a national army, a tolerable pluralistic political life and a
relatively civil freedoms that were the envy of his Arab compatriots in the
north who are still living under the Middle Ages systems of government and,
more importantly, making the unity of Yemen a fact of life. When his representative
credentials are questioned by his former Saudi allies it is noteworthy to
remind them that his “al-Mutamar” party still controls the majority of the last
democratically elected Yemeni parliament. Saudi Arabia
The “external” Iranian interference in Yemen and Iran’s sectarian support for “Shiite” Yemenis, in addition to a self – proclaimed role in defence of a controversial legitimacy of a Yemeni president, are the main raison d'être cited by Riyadh as the casus belli of the Saudi ongoing six – month old war on Yemen.
However history and realpolitik facts refute such Saudi claims and render them as merely thinly – veiled justification for installing a puppet regime in Sanaa by the brutal and inhumane force of an external invasion.
The current Saudi war on
Yemen could be a
“rite of passage” for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), particularly the
United Arab Emirates (UAE), but not the as claimed by Rami G. Khouri
(1). Saudi Arabia
Long history of Saudi military intervention
Long before there was an “
Iran threat” or a
“Shiite threat,” the Saudi ruling family never hesitated to interfere in
militarily or otherwise whenever Yemenis showed signs of breaking away from
Saudi hegemony towards a free will to determine their lives independently. Yemen
In the 1930s the Saudis engaged in a war on the Mutawakkilite Imamate of
Yemen and succeeded in annexing the Yemeni
provinces of Asir, Jizan and Najran to their kingdom, thus creating a border
dispute that was not settled until 2000, but the current Saudi war on seems to reignite
Then, they occupied the Yemeni
port of Hodeida on the Red Sea and
attacked the Yemeni capital Sanaa. at the time was a similar
conservative “kingdom” bound, like the Saudis, by treaties with the British
colonial power. Yemen
From 1962 to 1970 the Saudis interfered militarily on the side of the “Shiite” Yemeni “royalists” whom they fought in the 1930s against republican revolutionaries who sought to usher
into the twentieth century
out of the Middle Ages. The Saudi military intervention led the Pan – Arab
leader of Egypt Gamal Abd al-Nasir to rush to the rescue of the
Yemeni republicans, thus regionalising a Yemeni internal affair into an
Egyptian – Saudi war among the “Sunnis.” Yemen
History it seems is repeating itself nowadays, but the Saudis have so far failed to embroil
Iran in Yemen
as they did with
then. Instead, the kingdom is itself plunging deeper into the Yemeni quicksand. Egypt
“In 1977, then, Saudi Arabia conspired (together with Salih) to the assassination of modernist President Ibrahim al-Hamdi, who was determined to loosen the stranglehold of the kingdom over Yemeni politics,” Tobias Thiel (2) of The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) wrote on last April 2.
In the aftermath of the emergence of the Islamic Republic of Iran into the regional scene, “the House of Saud expelled around 800,000 Yemeni guest workers to punish the newly united republic for its stance in the 1991 Gulf War (Kuwait war), plunging the country into an economic crisis” and “the kingdom simultaneously supported both sides – Sunni Islamists and Marxist separatists – in the 1994 war of secession,” Thiel added. Both those events had nothing to do with the so –called “
threat” or the “Shiite – Sunni” sectarian rivalry; both were inter – Arab and
inter Yemeni conflicts. Iran
“Finally,” according to Thiel, “
has backed the Salih regime against the mass
protests in 2011 and has – as elsewhere – tried to stifle the democratic
Launching the Saudi war on Yemen last March had regionalised a Yemeni internal conflict, undercut short a Yemeni successful national dialogue sponsored by the United Nations, undermined the territorial unity of the country, which was then compromised only by the al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) that was isolated in the far south eastern part of Yemen, destroyed the infrastructure of the Yemeni state, created a snowballing severe humanitarian crisis and rendered the possibility of a Yemeni – Yemeni political solution a mission made impossible by both the mutual bloodshed and the Saudi insistence on shaping by brutal force the future ruling regime in Yemen on Saudi terms.
Historically, Sanaa and the northern rough mountainous provinces failed all Arab and non-Arab invaders. The
Empire at its zenith could not subjugate it. It is the bedrock of ’s independence
and self determination. There the hardcore of the Yemeni anti-Saudi invasion is
entrenched and there this invasion will most likely meet it defeat. Yemen
The so – called “liberation” of
by Saudi and UAE military intervention could serve only as a recipe for a
perpetuated civil war and regional capital of a divided . Hadi
is unlikely to deliver in Yemen
what he failed to achieve when he was in Sana’a. Aden
On last March 22, the former UN special envoy Jamal Benomar, addressing the UN Security Council via video conference, warned that, “the situation is on a rapid downward spiral” that is “leading the country away from political settlement and to the edge of civil war”. The status quo is “inviting a protracted conflict in the vein of an Iraq-Libya-Syria combined scenario," he told an emergency UNSC session. Benomar resigned his UN mission acknowledging its failure. His successor is more likely to come to the same conclusion sooner than later.
The presence now of reportedly between 5 – 10 thousand ground GCC troops in Yemen is proof that the aerial onslaught had failed and that the so-called pro-government forces are merely a Yemeni make – believe address for the thinly – veiled Saudi – led external invasion.
The introduction of GCC ground troops into
is more a show of the failure
of the so – called Yemeni pro – legitimacy and pro – Saudi forces than a
display of GCC military prowess. Yemen
Quoted by the Qatari News Agency (QNA) on September 18, the Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir, tacitly acknowledging his country’s failure in
said that he “personally … suggested Israeli help as our only hope to end the
status quo … His Highness King Salman put this proposal forward for further
Ruling out any open Israeli contribution to the US-led war on Iraqi forces in Kuwait in 1991, the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the US “leading from behind” in the ongoing war on Syria is an instructive strong reminder that any Israeli role in the Saudi – led war on Yemen will most likely be ruled out as well, at least in public, because it would be definitely counterproductive.
It is high time that the UN moves to facilitate an exit strategy for
Arabia from . Yemen
* Nicola Nasser is a veteran Arab journalist based in Birzeit, West Bank of the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories (firstname.lastname@example.org).
(1) http://america.aljazeera.com/, September 16, 2015. Rami G. Khouri is a senior public policy fellow at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut and a senior fellow of the Harvard Kennedy School.
(2) Tobias Thiel is a PhD Candidate at the LSE’s Department of International History. His dissertation is about contentious politics, collective memory and violence in post-unification
He has spent the past three years in Yemen conducting field research. Yemen
Tuesday, March 17, 2015
U.S. opens up to Hamas, Muslim Brotherhood, Syria, and Iran
By Nicola Nasser*
The appointment of Robert Malley as White House Coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa and the Gulf Region is not considered a sufficient indicator that there will be any radical change in
strategy despite the campaign launched against the U.S.
by the Zionists due to its openness to Hamas, the Muslim Brotherhood, Syria and . Iran
On 6 March, President Barack Obama's administration appointed Robert Malley, the former senior director of the National Security Council who dealt with the Iraqi, Iranian, and Gulf issues, and a member of the delegation negotiating the Iranian nuclear programme, as the Special White House Coordinator for the Middle East,
Africa and Gulf region. Malley is scheduled to assume his new
position on 6 April, succeeding Philip Gordon.
Edward Abington, former
U.S. consul general in occupied , described the lawyer specialised
in "conflict resolution" as being an "American Jewish" and that
his appointment is a "positive development". He was also described by
U.S. national security adviser Susan Rice as "one of our country's most
respected experts on the Middle East, since February 2014 Rob has played a
critical role in forming our policy on Iran, Iraq, Syria and the Gulf." Jerusalem
However, the Zionist Organisation of America (ZOA) opposed the appointment of Malley for several reasons, stating that Malley is an "Israel-basher, advocate of U.S. recognition of major, unreconstructed terrorist groups Hamas and Hezbollah, and proponent of containment of Iran (i.e., not preventing them from attaining nuclear weapons) and proponent of negotiating with Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad (i.e. not changing his regime)."
He also believes that working with the Muslim Brotherhood is "not a bad idea" and called
settlements located in the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967
"colonies". He also called for abandoning the Road Map for Peace
approved by the international Quartet in 2003 and replacing it with a
comprehensive settlement plan to be imposed on the parties with the backing of
the international community, including Arab and Muslim states. He did so before
the Foreign Relations Committee in the U.S. Senate in 2004. He also continues
to urge the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Fatah, Palestinian Authority
and Hamas “to unite". Israel
Malley also called for "involving" Hamas in the PLO's negotiations with the occupation, explaining his statement by saying that the PLO must include Hamas because it has become "antiquated, worn out, barely functioning, and is no longer considered the Palestinian people's sole legitimate representative." He also called for the resumption of negotiations between the Arabs and
all levels on the basis of the Arab peace initiative." Israel
The ZOA did not fail to mention his father, Simon Malley who was born and worked in
as a journalist for Al-Goumhouria newspaper before moving with his family to and
founding Afrique-Asie magazine. The ZOA said that Simon Malley was "a
virulently anti-Israel member of the Egyptian Communist Party, a close
confidante of Yasser Arafat, and an enthusiast for violent France Third
World 'liberation' movements." As for his mother, Barbara
Malley, she worked with the United Nations delegation of the National Liberation
Front (NLF), the Algerian independence group.
Robert Malley was Barack Obama's colleague at
Harvard Law School
and a Middle East affairs adviser for his 2008
campaign. However, Obama was forced to cast him aside due to the Zionist
campaign against both of them after 's the Times revealed that
Malley had been in contact with Hamas. Britain
In his media interviews Malley explained that the contacts were part of his work with the International Crisis Group, saying: "My job with the International Crisis Group is to meet with all sorts of savoury and unsavoury people and report on what they say. I've never denied whom I meet with; that's what I do."
He added that he used to inform the State Department about his meetings beforehand and briefs them afterward. During the same year, London's Al-Hayat newspaper quoted deputy head of the political bureau of Hamas, Ismail Haniyeh, and Hamas official Dr Ahmed Yousef as saying: "We were in contact with a number of Obama's aides through the internet, and later met with some of them in Gaza, but they advised us not to come out with any statements, as they may have a negative effect on his election campaign."
Before this, Malley, who was a member of the U.S. negotiating team in the 2000 Arafat-Barak-Clinton summit at Camp David, was the target of an Israeli-Zionist campaign because he held all three leaders responsible for the failure of the summit, and not only the late Palestinian leader, who was repeatedly accused by Bill Clinton, Ehud Barak and their team of negotiators of causing the failure.
Morton A. Klein, president of the Zionist Organisation of America, said: "How exactly does someone, who is dropped as an adviser because he advocates recognition of, and meets with, the genocidally-inclined terrorist organisation Hamas, now became a senior adviser to the president, unless President Obama has all along agreed with much of what Malley thinks and advocates?"
Due to the fact that the appointment of Malley coincided with the crisis in relations between the U.S. and Israel, caused by the recent speech made by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu before the U.S. Congress behind Obama's back and without his approval, analysts have begun to talk about "changes in the U.S. role in the Middle East" in the context of the Israeli media outlets and its Zionist and Jewish arms abroad.
They have also predicted that "there will be no doubt that the U.S. policy will be focused exclusively on pressuring Israel over the course of the last 22 months of Obama's term," as written by Jonathan S. Tobin in America's Commentary magazine on 10 March.
During this time, Obama will be "free of electoral pressure" so the Obama administration's treatment of the Palestinian issue is about to take on a much more aggressive attitude over the next two years. This will allow Obama to "invest the little political credit he has left in 'bringing world peace'," as written by Alex Fishman in the Israeli daily the Yedioth Ahronoth.
In Fishman's view, there are now two courses of work on the White House's agenda. First, it can follow the path of the "European Initiative" which proposes issuing a UN Security Council resolution for a "lasting solution in the Middle East", while the second path involves waiting for the results of the Israeli elections this week, as it is a "renewal of the American peace initiative, which will have behind it a very skilled, determined person, who isn't very fond of the current government: The president's new man in the Middle East," Robert Malley.
It is clear that these courses of action, the appointment of Malley and his record will undoubtedly breathe life into the PLO's negotiating team, especially since President Abbas repeatedly says that going to the UN and international organisations, as well as the latest PLO's Central Council recommendations, do not necessarily mean that negotiations will be abandoned.
These negotiations can also be considered new material used by the American camp in the Arab League to justify its on-going pressure on the PLO to continue to rely on the
. United States
The appointment of Malley indicates one conclusion: that the
is heading towards a new
initiative to resume negotiations between the PLO and the Israeli occupying
power without making any changes to its references. If the PLO interacts and
deals with the "European initiative" then it is likely to deal and
interact with any new U.S.
initiative, according to all indications in this regard. U.S.
In this case, the PLO's recent diplomatic actions not related to the negotiations and the
has merely been "playing on borrowed time" while waiting for the results
of the Israeli elections. United States
However, these actions can still be built upon in order to completely depart from the American vision for the "resolution of the conflict" in the event that Netanyahu is re-elected as prime minister.
On the other hand, Hamas should not be fooled by Robert Malley's positions towards the movement, despite its importance, as it is an attempt to contain the movement and drag it into "negotiations" between the PLO and
based on the same references
rejected and opposed by Hamas thus far. Israel
As for Malley's performance in
and the Gulf, over the past year, which was praised by Susan Rice, it has had
catastrophic consequences on the ground that speak for themselves. Malley's
openness to Hamas, the Muslim Brotherhood, Syria Iran
and Syria is nothing more
than tactical dealings in order to serve the unchanged strategy
with forces that have proved their presence. U.S.
Appointing Robert Malley as White House Coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa and the Gulf Region is not a sufficient indicator of any radical change in the
strategy that is on the verge of tearing the Arab world apart, along with its
Islamic surroundings, unless it is deterred. This is true despite the Zionist
campaign opposing his openness towards Hamas, the Muslim Brotherhood, U.S. Syria and . Iran
* Nicola Nasser is a veteran Arab journalist based in Birzeit, West Bank of the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories (email@example.com). This article was translated from Arabic and first published by the “Middle East Monitor”.
Friday, February 20, 2015
UN peace coordinator unwelcome by Palestinians
By Nicola Nasser*
The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation) did not object to the appointment of new UN special coordinator for the Middle East peace process Nikolay Mladenov, although he was described by Tayseer Khaled, a member of the PLO’s Executive Committee, as “persona non grata” — not trusted by the Palestinians and nor qualified for the job.
The 15-member UN Security Council unanimously voted to appoint Bulgarian Mladenov, 42, to succeed
’s Robert Serry. He would also be the
representative of the UN secretary general to the International Quartet
(the UN, US, EU and Holland ),
and personal representative of the UN chief to the PLO (the State
of Palestine) and the Palestinian Authority (PA). Russia
Although protocol allows the PLO the right to reject diplomatic representatives to the organisation, observers cannot understand why it accepted Mladenov. There is no convincing answer except a futile desire by the PLO to appease the UN and Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, at a time when PLO diplomatic efforts are focused on the UN and its agencies.
Mladenov not only failed in a similar mission as UN envoy to
resigned, he is someone who describes himself — and is described by the
leaders of the Israeli occupation — as “a good friend of ”. As
Bulgarian foreign minister, Mladenov suggested a “military
alliance” between Israel Bulgaria
He has often spoken about his bias towards “ Israel ’s right to exist” and its
right “to defend itself” against Palestinians resisting Israeli
occupation. He even admitted to being a Free Mason, served Jewish
billionaire George Soros, and publicly advocated the Israel ’s “constructive chaos” policies
in the Arab world. In fact, his Jewish origins may be the least
controversial aspect of him. US
Meanwhile, the occupation state does not hesitate in ignoring the UN, its resolutions and representatives, disregarding and even assassinating them when necessary. Most recently, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman threatened to “expel” Mladenov’s predecessor Serry as “persona non grata”. Shortly before that, William Schabas, the head of the UN commission investigating the occupation’s recent war on the Gaza Strip, resigned after
refused to cooperate with him or allow him to enter the country. Israel
After the UN tolerated the assassination of its first envoy to
Palestine, Swedish Count
Folke Bernadotte in 1948, at the hands of the Zionist Stern Gang led
by Yitzhak Shamir (who later became prime minister of the occupation
was emboldened to adopt a permanent policy of disregarding the UN without
deterrence so far. Israel
In fact, over the past two years the occupation state has carried out a proxy war against the UN. It has facilitated logistics, intelligence, firepower and medical assistance to allow the domination of militias fighting the Syrian regime on its side of the disengagement zone between the liberated and occupied Arab Syrian Golan. This compelled the UN Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) to withdraw after its positions were attacked, dozens of its troops kidnapped and their weapons and equipment seized. Until today, the UN has not dared to rectify the situation, which resulted in the collapse of the UN-sponsored ceasefire and rules of engagement between
and . Israel
is teeming with international peace envoys. The UN has one, so does the US, the EU, Russia,
and the Quartet. Their names change without anything on the ground in
changing. Except for expanding the occupation through settlements under
the “peace” umbrella these envoys provide, without any hope that the
international community they represent will be able to effect any real tangible
change for the present and future of the Palestinian people on the ground. Palestine
So what can Mladenov do that his predecessors, the UN, the Quartet, the Arab League and others, couldn’t?
Khaled believes the real test, to remove Palestinian doubts about Mladenov’s role and mission, will be his position on the siege on
and reconstruction there. However, Mladenov’s track record does not indicate
there is cause for optimism. Nor does the track record of “UN special
coordinators” since the creation of the position in 1994 and the
subsequent expansion of its role, as well as the extensive history of choosing
UN and US envoys of Jewish origins or related in the first degree to
Jews, such as Henry Kissinger, Madeleine Albright, John Kerry, Dennis
Ross, Martin Indyk and Quartet representative Tony Blair. Gaza
On 6 February, the secretaries general of the UN and Arab League issued a joint statement expressing “deep concern” about conditions in
They urged Arab and international donors to honour their financial pledges
made at the Cairo Conference last October “as soon as possible”, in order
to rebuild the Gaza Strip and end the siege there. A few days ago, James
Rowley, UN coordinator for humanitarian affairs in the Palestinian
territories occupied since 1967, sent out an “urgent call” for these
commitments to be fulfilled and an “immediate” lift of the siege on Gaza,
because he is “very concerned another conflict will break out” if not. Gaza
The Palestinian Foreign Ministry described the statement by the Quartet on 8 February after it met in
as “short of expectations” because it ignored “all the old-new and evolving
truths” of the occupation state. Munich, Germany
The Quartet also said it is “deeply concerned” about the “difficult conditions in
where reconstruction needs to be quicker” and urged donors to “pay
their financial pledges as soon as possible”. However, it linked this to
encouraging both sides to “restart negotiations as soon as possible”. Gaza
Restarting talks “as soon as possible”, nonetheless, must await the outcome of general elections in
Israel and the . This means the Palestinian
people must wait for another two years in the vain hope of reconstructing US . It is obvious the
occupation state is enjoying the luxury of time, making easy the
occupation without resistance, as well as building settlements without
Before handing over the reins to Mladenov, Serry described the failure of donors to pay their dues as “scandalous” and warned “if there is no progress in the coming months” — not two years — towards a two-state solution, “the reality will be a one state [solution]”: the single state of
Former UN coordinator Terry Rod Larsen said in 2002, “the Palestinian
patient is dying in the interim.” Israel
Last December, Serry warned in his report to the Security Council that a war in
“could re-ignite if conditions on the ground do not change” in
the besieged Gaza Strip. It is clear that what Serry described as a
“deadly diplomatic vacuum” coupled with the ongoing siege on rebuilding
Gaza, are an explosive recipe in the besieged Gaza Strip, the outcome and
ramifications of which are unpredictable. Gaza
The “scandal” of donors not paying their dues to rebuild
Gaza, as Serry described it, under
the pretext that the PLO government does not control the Gaza Strip, is a
green light given by the international community to the occupation state to
carry out another military assault on national resistance forces in . Gaza
The scandal of Arabs not paying their pledges at Arab summits to provide the PA with a financial “safety net” amounts to flagrant Arab pressure on the PLO to accept the Quartet’s proposal to restart talks with the occupation state “as soon as possible”.
This is Mladenov’s dual mission as the new UN special coordinator for the
peace process. PLO negotiators continue to wait for a breakthrough by
“peace” envoys that are imposed on them and appointed by the and the UN,
although they represent the occupation state. Mladenov is the most recent. He
will not change anything on the ground. US
* Nicola Nasser is a veteran Arab journalist based in Birzeit, West Bank of the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories (firstname.lastname@example.org). This article was translated from Arabic and first published by Al-Ahram Weekly on 20 February 2015.
Tuesday, December 23, 2014
Fighting ‘Islamic State’ is not the Israeli priority
By Nicola Nasser*
Defying a consensus that it is a priority by the world community comprising international rivals like the United States, Europe, Russia and China and regional rivals like Iran, Syria and Saudi Arabia, Israel, like Turkey, does not eye the U.S. – led war on the IS as its regional priority. Nor fighting
is an IS priority. Israel
The Israeli top priority is to dictate its terms to
to sign a peace treaty with
before withdrawing its forces from the occupied Syrian Golan Heights,
Palestinian territories and Lebanese southern lands. Israel
For this purpose,
Israel is determined to
break down the Syria – Iran alliance, which has been the main obstacle
from realising its goals. Changing the ruling regime in either Israel Damascus
be a step forward. Towards this Israeli strategic goal the IS could not be but
an Israeli asset. Tehran
“To defeat ISIS (The Islamic State in
Iraq and Syria as the IS was previously known) and leave
as a threshold nuclear power is to win the battle and lose the war,” Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told the UN General Assembly last September. Iran
Therefore, “it should not come as a surprise that the (Benjamin) Netanyahu government has not yet taken any immediate steps against IS,” according to Amos Harel, writing in Foreign Policy on September 15.
However, information is already surfacing that
is “taking steps” in the opposite direction, to empower the IS and other
terrorist groups fighting and infighting in . Syria
Israeli daily Haaretz on last October 31 quoted a “senior Northern Command officer” as saying that the U.S. – led coalition “is making a big mistake in fighting against ISIS … the United States, Canada and France are on the same side as Hezbollah, Iran and [Syrian President Bashar al-] Assad. That does not make sense.”
Regardless, on September 8 Israeli daily The Jerusalem Post reported that
“satellite imagery and other information” to the coalition. Three days later Netanyahu
a conference in Herzliya: “ Israel Israel fully supports President [Barack]
Obama’s call for united actions against ISIS …
We are playing our part in this continued effort. Some of the things are known;
some of the things are less known.”
Obama’s call was the green light for
support Syrian and non- Syrian rebels. Syrian official statements claim that Israel
has been closely coordinating with the rebels. Israel
Israeli statements claim theirs is confined to “humanitarian” support to “moderate” Syrian opposition, which the
U.S. has already pledged to train and arm in Saudi Arabia, Jordan
A significant portion of the $64 billion earmarked for conflicts abroad in the
budget legislation signed by Obama on December 19 will go to these “moderates.” Turkey
have no headaches about whether the “moderates” would remain as such after
being armed with lethal weapons or whether it remains appropriate to call them
But the Israeli “humanitarian” claim is challenged by the fact that
is the only neighbouring country which still closes its doors to Syrian
civilian refugees while keeping its doors wide open to the wounded rebels who
are treated in Israeli hospitals and allowed to return to the battle front
after recovery. Israel
IS close to Israeli borders
The Israeli foreign ministry on last September 3 confirmed that the
Steven Sotloff whom the IS had beheaded was an Israeli citizen as well. In a
speech addressed to Sotloff’s family, Netanyahu condemned the IS as a “branch”
of a “poisonous tree” and a “tentacle” of a “violent Islamist terrorism.” U.S.
On the same day Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon officially outlawed the IS and anyone associating with it.
On September 10, Netanyahu convened an urgent security meeting to prepare for the possible danger of the IS advancing closer to the Israeli border, a prospect confirmed by the latest battles for power between the IS and the al – Nusra Front on the southern Syrian – Lebanese borders and in southern
, within the artillery range
of Israeli forces. Syria
On November 9, Ansar Bait al-Maqdis (ABM), which has been operating against the Egyptian army, released an audio clip pledging allegiance to the IS to declare later the first IS Wilayah (province) in the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula, south of
On last November 14 The Israeli Daily quoted Netanyahu as saying in a private defense meeting that the IS is “currently operating out of Lebanon … close to Israel’s northern border. We must take this as a serious threat.”
However, “in truth, as most of Israel's intelligence community has been quick to point out, there are no signs that anything of the sort is actually happening,” according to Amos Harel, writing in Foreign Policy five days later.
Moshe Ya’alon told journalists in September that “the organization operates far from
thus presents no imminent threat. Israeli peace activist Uri Avnery, on
November 14, wrote: “The present and former generals who shape Israel 's
policy can only smile when this ‘danger’ is mentioned.” Israel
Israel “certainly does not see the group as an external threat” and the “Islamic State also does not yet pose an internal threat to Israel,” according to Israeli journalist and Associate Policy Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, Dimi Reider, writing in a Reuters blog on last October 21.
What Netanyahu described as a “serious threat” in the north does not yet dictate any Israeli action against it because “we must assume that Hizballah,” which is allied to
Syria and ,
“does not have its house in order,” according to the Israeli premier. Iran
The presence of the IS Wilayah on its southern border with Egypt is preoccupying the country with an internal bloody anti-terror conflict that would prevent any concrete Egyptian contribution to the stabilization of the Arab Levant or support to the Palestinians in their struggle to end the Israeli occupation of their land, let alone the fact that this presence is already pitting Egypt against Israel’s archenemy, Hamas, in the Palestinian Gaza Strip and creating a hostile environment that dictates closer Egyptian – Israeli security coordination.
going to “interfere” because “these are internal issues of the countries where
it is happening.” Israel Israel is
“informally … ready to render assistance, but not in a military way and not by
joining the ( U.S. - led)
coalition” against the IS, according to the deputy head of the Israeli embassy
in , Olga
Slov, as quoted by Russian media on November 14. Moscow
Israel’s eastern neighbours in Jordan and seem another story. Syria
threatened by IS. We will cooperate with them one way or another,” ambassador
Slov said. Jordanian media has been reporting that more than 2000 Jordanians
had already joined al-Qaeda splinter the IS, al-Qaeda’s branch al-Nusra Front
or other rebels who are fighting for an “Islamic” state in Jordan . Hundreds of them were killed
by the Syrian Arab Army. Syria
The Daily Beast on last June 27 quoted Thomas Sanderson, the co-director for transnational threats at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, as saying that
considers the survival of
as “a paramount national security objective.” Jordan
Jordan requested Israeli assistance in
protecting its borders,
would have “little choice” but to help, the Beast quoted the director of
the Israeli National Security Council, Yaakov
Amidror, as saying. Israel
As a precaution measure,
Israel is building
now a 500-kilometre “security fence” on its border with . Jordan
Israel is willing and getting ready to
“interfere” in Jordan, it is
already deeply interfering in ,
where the real battle has been raging for less than four years now against
terrorists led by the IS. Syria
A few weeks ago The Associated Press reported that the IS and the al-Nusra had concluded an agreement to stop fighting each other and cooperate on destroying the U.S. – trained and supported rebels (The Syrian Revolutionaries Front and the Hazm movement) as well as the Syrian government forces in northern Syria.
But in southern Syria all these and other terrorist organizations are coordinating among themselves and have what Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, a spokesman for the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) called “a gentleman’s agreement” with Israel across the border, according to Colum Lynch in Foreign Policy on June 11.
Last October, Al-Qaeda branch in
al-Nusra, was among the rebel groups which overtook the only border crossing of
Quneitra between Syria and
the Israeli – occupied Golan Heights.
has yet to demonstrate its objection. Israel
“Many Sunnis in Iraq and the Gulf consider ISIS a bullet in their rifles aimed at Shiite extremism, in their bid to restore their lost standing,” Raghida Dergham, a columnist and a senior diplomatic correspondent for the London – based Arabic Al-Hayat daily, wrote in the huffingtonpost on September 19.
A political public agreement between
Israel and the Gulf Arabs has developed on a
mutual understanding that the dismantling of the Syria
– Iran alliance as a prelude
to a “regime change” in both countries is the regional priority, without
loosing sight of the endgame, which is to dictate peace with Israel as the regional power under the hegemony.
The IS is “the bullet in their rifles.” From their perspective, the U.S. war on the
IS is irrelevant, for now at least. U.S.
* Nicola Nasser is a veteran Arab journalist based in Birzeit, West Bank of the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories (email@example.com).
Tuesday, December 16, 2014
Israeli role in Syrian conflict brought into the open
By Nicola Nasser*
Overtly, the Israeli superpower of the Middle East has been keen to posture as having no role whatsoever in the four-year old devastating conflict in Syria, where all major regional and international powers are politically and militarily deeply involved and settling scores by Syrian blood.
In his geopolitical weekly analysis, entitled “The Islamic State Reshapes the
Middle East,” on November
25 Stratfor’s George Friedman raised eyebrows when he reviewed the
effects which the terrorist group had on all regional powers, but seemed
unaware of the existence of the Israeli regional superpower.
It was an instructive omission that says a lot about the no more discreet role
is playing to maintain what the Israeli commentator Amos Harel described as the
“stable instability” in
and the region, from the Israeli perspective of course. Syria
Friedman in fact was reflecting a similar official omission by the
administration. When President Barak Obama appealed for a “broad international
coalition” to fight the Islamic State (IS), Israel -- the strongest military
power in the region and the well - positioned logistically to fight it -- was
not asked to join. The Obama administration explained later that US ’s
contribution would reflect negatively on the Arab partners in the coalition. Israel
“Highlighting Israel’s contributions could be problematic in terms of complicating efforts to enlist Muslim allies” in the coalition, said Michael Eisenstadt, a senior fellow at AIPAC’s arm, the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
Covertly however Israel is a key player in prolonging the depleting war on Syria and the major beneficiary of neutralizing the military of the only immediate Arab neighbor that has so far eluded yielding to the terms dictated by the U.S. - backed Israeli regional force majeure for making peace with the Hebrew state.
Several recent developments however have brought the Israeli role into the open.
First the latest bombing of Syrian targets near the
civilian airport on December 7 was the seventh major unprovoked air strike of
its kind since 2011 and the fifth in the past 18 months on Syrian defenses.
Syrian Scientific research centers, missile depots, air defense sites, radar
and electronic monitoring stations and the Republican Guards were targeted by Damascus . Israel
Facilitating the Israeli mission and complementing it, the terrorist organizations operating in the country tried several times to hit the same targets. They succeeded in killing several military pilots and experts whom Israeli intelligence services would have paid dearly to hunt down.
Foreign Policy on last June 14 quoted a report by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki – moon as saying that the “battle – hardened Syrian rebels ... once in Israel, they receive medical treatment in a field clinic before being sent back to Syria,” describing the arrangement as a “gentleman’s agreement.”
Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu in February this year visited this “military field hospital” and shook hands with some of the more than 1000 rebels treated in Israeli hospitals, according to Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, a spokesman for the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF).
Foreign Policy quoted also Ehud Yaari, an Israeli fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, as saying that
was supplying the rebel – controlled Syrian villages with
medicines, heaters, and other humanitarian supplies. The assistance, he said,
has benefited civilians and “insurgents.” Yaari ignored the reports about the
Israeli intelligence services to those “insurgents.” Israel
Second, the latest quarterly report by the UN Disengagement Force (UNDOF) to the UN Security Council (UNSC) on December 1 confirmed what eight previous similar reports had stated about the “interaction … across the (Syrian – Israeli) ceasefire line” between the IOF and the “armed members of the (Syrian) opposition,” in the words of Ki-moon’s report to the Council on December 4.
Third, Ki-moon in his report confirmed that the UNDOF “was forced to relocate its troops” to the Israeli side of the ceasefire line, leaving the Syrian side a safe haven zone for the al-Qaeda affiliate al-Nusra Front, which the UNSC had designated a “terrorist group.”
UNDOF’s commander Lieutenant General Iqbal Singh Singha told the UNSC on October 9 that his troops were “under fire, been abducted, hijacked, had weapons snatched and offices vandalized.”
was the latest among the troop contributing countries to pull out its forces
from UNDOF. Australia
UNDOF and the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) operate in the buffer zone of about 80 km long and between 0.5 to 10 km wide, forming an area of 235 km². The zone borders the Lebanon Blue Line to the north and forms a border of less than 1 km with
to the south. It straddles the Purple Line which separates the Israeli – occupied
Golan Heights from Jordan .
The west Israeli side of this line is known as "Alpha", and the east Syrian
side as "Bravo." Syria
Speaking at the
U.S. military base Fort
Dix on Monday, President Obama warned
those who “threaten America”
that they “will have no safe haven,” but that is exactly what is
providing them. Israel
Israeli “interaction” has practically helped the UNDOF “to relocate” from Bravo to Alpha and to hand Bravo as a safe haven over to an al-Nusra Front – led coalition of terrorist groups.
Al-Nusra Front is officially the al – Qaeda affiliate in
Secretary of State John Kerry told the Senate Committee on Foreign relations on
this December 9 that his administration considers the IS to be a branch of al –
Qaeda operating under a different name. Both terrorist groups were one under
the name of the Islamic State in Syria and Syria (ISIS) and only
recently separated. Whoever accommodates either one is in fact courting the
“The 1,200-strong UN force is now mostly huddled inside
a drab base just inside the Israeli - controlled side of the Golan
Heights. Its patrols along the de facto border have all but ceased,”
the Associated Press (AP) reported on last September 18.
Israeli air force and artillery intervened several times to protect the al-Nusra Front’s “safe haven” against fire power from Syria, which is still committed to its ceasefire agreement of 1974 with Israel. Last September for example,
shot down a Syrian fighter jet that was bombing the Front’s positions, only
three weeks after shooting down a Syrian drone over the area. Israel
This situation could only be interpreted as an Israeli premeditated war by proxy on the UN presence on the
Israel is the most interested in having (UN) peacekeepers evacuated
from the occupied Golan so as to be left without international monitoring,” ’s
permanent envoy to the UN, Bashar al- Jaafari, told reporters on September 17. Syria
The UNSC seems helpless or uninterested in defending the UNDOF mandate on the Golan against Israeli violations, which risk the collapse of the 1974 ceasefire arrangements.
Syrian Foreign Ministry was on record to condemn these violations as a “declaration of war,” asserting that
reserves its right to retaliate “at the right moment and the right place.”
Obviously a regional outbreak is at stake here without the UN presence as a buffer. Syria
Israel’s status from a
“major non – NATO ally” to a “major strategic partner” of the by the U.S. Congress
on December 3 could explain the UNSC inaction. United States
The undeclared understanding between the Syrian government and the U.S. – led coalition against the self – declared “Islamic State” (IS) not to target the latter’s forces seems to have left this mission to Israel who could not join the coalition publicly for subjective as well as objective reasons.
The AP on September 18 did not hesitate to announce that the “collapse of UN peacekeeping mission on Golan Heights marks new era on
Israel – front.”
Aron Heller, the writer of the AP report, quoted the former Israeli
military liaison officer with UNDOF, Stephane Cohen, as saying: “Their mandate
is just not relevant anymore.” Heller concluded that this situation “endangers”
the “status quo,” which indeed has become a status quo ante. Syria
Israeli strategic gains
The emerging fait accompli seems very convenient to
creating positive strategic benefits for the Hebrew state and arming it with a
pretext not to withdraw the IOF from the occupied Syrian Golan Heights and
Palestinian territories. Israel
In an analysis paper published by The Saban Center at Brookings in November 2012, Itamar Rabinovich wrote that, “Clearly, the uncertainty in
has put the question of the Golan Heights on
hold indefinitely. It may be a long time until Israel
can readdress the prospect of giving the Golan back to .” Damascus
Moreover, according to Rabinovich, “the Syrian conflict has the potential to bring the damaged Israeli – Turkish relationship closer to normalcy … they can find common ground in seeking to foster a stable post – Assad government in Syria.”
The hostile Turkish insistence on toppling the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad, the concentration of the IS and other rebel forces in the north of the country and in central, eastern and southern Syria are diverting the potential and focus of the Syrian Arab Army northward and inward, away from the western front with the Israeli occupying power on the Golan Heights.
The protracted war on the Syrian government is depleting its army in manpower and materially. Rebuilding the Syrian army and the devastated Syrian infrastructure will preoccupy the country for a long time to come and defuse any military threat to
extended time span. Israel
On the Palestinian front, the rise of the IS has made fighting it the top U.S. priority in the Middle East, which led Aaron David Miller, a former adviser to several U.S. administrations on Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, to warn in Foreign Policy early in September that the rise of the IS would pose “a serious setback to Palestinian hopes of statehood.”
The expected fallback internally of the post – war
of the Syrian historical support for the Palestinian anti – Israeli occupation
movements, at least temporarily. Israel
Netanyahu on Sunday opened a cabinet meeting by explicitly using the IS as a pretext to evade the prerequisites of making peace. Israel “stands … as a solitary island against the waves of Islamic extremism washing over the entire Middle East,” he said, adding: “To force upon us” a timeframe for a withdrawal from the Israeli – occupied Palestinian territories, as proposed by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to the UN Security Council, “will bring the radical Islamic elements to the suburbs of Tel Aviv and to the heart of Jerusalem. We will not allow this.”
* Nicola Nasser is a veteran Arab journalist based in Birzeit, West Bank of the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories (firstname.lastname@example.org).